Outdoor -Teaching by Topics

Outdoor Safety

  • Level 1
    • Safety awareness including the prevention of injuries in a camp environment and fire.
    • Dangerous insects and animals.
    • Procedure in event of becoming separated from the party.
  • Level 2
    • Revision of personal survival kits and introduction to Kit for Rucksack and overnight hikes.
  • Level 3
    • Survival
    • International distress signals.
    • Summer hazards: fires, fire regulations and bans. bush fires, avoidance of and survival techniques. heat exhaustion.
    • Winter and mountain hazards: exposure and hypothermia frostbite. snow blindness. lightning
  • Level 4
    • Procedure for dealing with accidents or illness in remote areas.
    • Marking position of casualties
    • Emergency shelters.
    • Safety precautions to be observed in rugged country.
    • Procedure in event of party members missing
    • Procedure in event of party becoming lost
    • Identification of hazards.
    • Identification of sources of aid.
  • Level 5
    • Search and rescue methods

Group Skills

  • Level 1
    • Responsibilities of group members, leaders and tail-end-charlies (whips).
  • Level 2
    • Personal attributes.
    • Effect of personal attribes on others.
  • Level 3
    • The importance of group members.
    • Roles of leaders and group members.
    • Diffrent styles of leadership.
  • Level 4
    • Approaches to leadership.
    • Basic ingredients to outdoor leadership
    • Personal attributes.
    • Group development.
    • Group leadership and group dynamics.
    • Styles of leadership.
  • Level 5
    • Decision making
    • Dealing with group conflict. (a win win approach)
    • Leadership and group confidence.
    • Growth through leadership.

First Aid

  • Level 1
    • Simple first aid ie. recognition and treatment of burns, scalds, cuts, scratches and blisters.
    • CPR.
    • First aid kits.
  • Level 2
    • Severe bleeding.
    • Sprains.
    • General treatment of fractures.
    • CPR
    • First aid kits.
  • Level 3
    • Ability to recognize and treat injuries to joints, muscles, wounds, fractures, unconsciousness and shock.
    • Stings
    • Foreign bodies in the eyes, nose, ear.
    • CPR.
  • Level 4
    • Formal first aid.
    • Circulation of the blood.
    • Respiratory system.
    • Asphyxia, choking or drowning.
    • Pressure bandage.
    • Shock
    • Frost bite
    • Cramp
    • CPR
  • Level 5
    • Exposure and exhaustion.
    • Hypothermia and Hyperthermia.
    • CPR.

Camp Craft

  • Level 1
    • Types of light weight tents used for expedition. Their advantages and disadvantages.
    • Personal equipment – bedding, ground sheet, eating utensils etc required for a two day camp.
    • Advantages and disadvantage of the types available, their correct use and care.
  • Level 2
    • Types of light weight tents used for expedition. Their advantages and disadvantages.
    • Living in tents.
    • Community equipment needed for tow day fixed camps and expeditions.
    • Essentials of a good camp site – construction, provision of toilet, rubbish, food storage, water supply, washing facilities, fire.
    • Preparation of hot camp meals.
  • Level 3
    • Care, storage and maintenance of tents and other equipment.
    • Food and nutrition. Compilation of a menu for a three day camp.
    • Cook a simple hot meal consenting of a main course and a dessert.
  • Level 4
    • Selection of a camp site including siting in exposed areas.
    • Supply of drinking water.
    • Use lightweight rations.
  • Level 5
    • Storm lashings.
    • Cooking in exposed areas.
    • Emergency arrangements for preparing meals in a tent.

Bush Craft

  • Level 1
    • Fire making with an emphasis on conservation, bush fire laws and fire safety.
    • Extinguish and clean up a fire
    • Knots at the end of a Rope: – Thumb, Overhand and Figure Eight
    • Joining Ropes: – Reef Knot and Thief Knots. Sheet Bend.
    • Loops in a Rope: – Bowline, Figure Eight and Slip Knots
    • Tying a Rope to an Object: – Clove Hitch
    • Whipping
  • Level 2
    • Water in emergencies
    • Purifying water
    • Survival skills
    • Joining Ropes: – Fisherman’s knot
    • Loops in a Rope: – Man-harness and Chair
    • Tying a Rope to an Object: Rolling, Slippery and Timber Hitch and Round turn and two half hitches.
  • Level 3
    • Weather: include: interpretation of a weather map major cloud forms and associated weather sources of weather information, both climatological and forecasts and warnings implications of climate statistics
    • Knots: Lashing; Square, Diagonal and Shear.
    • Construction of a bush stretcher.
  • Level 4
    • Teach Level 1 & 2 rope skills to beginners
  • Level 5
    • Techniques for camping in rugged country.
    • Emergency bivouac camping.
    • Teach Level 3 rope skills to other Boys

Use of Equipment

  • Level 1
    • Pack suitable for a day walks.
    • The value of suitable footwear.
    • Clothing suitable for bad weather.
  • Level 2
    • Clothing for a two day trip and Assemble personal safety equipment to be carried.
    • Packing a backpack.
    • Discuss various types of sleeping bags.
    • Pitch various types of tents.
    • Care and operation gas stoves.
  • Level 3
    • Clothing for a two day hike and a camp revised.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment.
    • Estimating food requirements for a two day hike and two day camp.
  • Level 4
    • Clothing for a three day hike and three day camp.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment.
    • Estimating food.
    • Revision of personal safety equipment.
  • Level 5
    • Clothing for a three day hike and three day camp.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment.
    • Estimating food.
    • Revision of personal safety equipment.

Maps and Compass

  • Level 1
    • Map scales and Map references – the grid.
    • Conventional signs.
    • Methods of showing relief: hill shading, contours.
    • Description of the ground from the map. Introducing pattern recognition and shape.
  • Level 2
    • Contours revised and Topographic features
    • Description of the ground from the map. (revision).
    • Measurement of distance.
    • Plotting a compass course from the ground and from the map.
    • Description of the ground from information on a map including recognition of hill features.
    • Set a map with a compass and Aids to direction finding.
  • Level 3
    • Calculation of speed of movement over varying terrain with and without loads – Naismith’s rule or equivalent.
    • Navigation across country with map but no compass.
    • Methods of obtaining grid and magnetic bearings.
    • Potting a compass course form the ground and from the map. (revision).
    • Description of the ground from information on a map including recognition of hill features.
    • Set a map with a compass.
    • Aids to direction finding (revision).
    • Direction finding by day.
  • Level 4
    • Navigation across country with map and compass, especially in poor visibility.
    • Direction finding at night.
  • Level 5
    • Methods of teaching simple map and compass work to boys (level 1 and 2).

Care of the Environment

  • Level 1
    • Country code with emphasis on its application to fixed camps.
  • Level 2
    • Revision of Country code with emphasis on low impact camping.
  • Level 3
    • Revision of Country code with emphasis on hiking and bush walking.
  • Level 4
    • Develop a list of activities threatening endangered animals within your area.
  • Level 5
    • Identify and report on remedial action necessary for protecting 2 species  (plant, animal or both ) of interest to you.

 Record keeping

  • Level 1
    • Make up a Field Note book.
    • Use the field Note Book during the walks.
    • Writing up a Final Report.
  • Level 2
    • Field Note book revised.
    • Use the field Note Book on a two day hike.
    • Keeping a log of time & position.
    • Presenting a Final Report
  • Level 3
    • Preparation of a route plan
    • Notification of property owns/National Park Staff
    • The role of the home contact person
    • Maintain effective log of time, position and observations in Field Note Book.
    • Plan presentation of final report
  • Level 4
    • Preparation of a route plan
    • Examine a set of track notes (expedition) or scientific observations.
    • Maintain effective log of time, position and observations in Field Note Book.
    • Plan presentation of final report
  • Level 5
    • Preparation of a route plan.
    • Maintain effective log of time, position and observations in Field Note Book.
    • Plan presentation of final report.