Teaching Topics by Levels

Level 1

  • Safety
    • Safety awareness including the prevention of injuries in a camp environment and fire.
    • Dangerous insects and animals.
    • Procedure in event of becoming separated from the party.
  • Group Skills
    • Responsibilities of group members, leaders and tail-end-charlies (whips).
  • First Aid
    • Simple first aid ie. recognition and treatment of burns, scalds, cuts, scratches and blisters.
    • First aid kits.
  • Camp Craft
    • Types of light weight tents used for expedition. Their advantages and disadvantages.
    • Personal equipment such as bedding, ground sheet, eating utensils etc required for a two day camp. Advantages and disadvantage of the types available, their correct use and care.
  • Bushcraft
    • Fire making with an emphasis on conservation, bushfire laws and fire safety.
    • Extinguish and clean up a fire place
    • Knots at the end of a rope: Thumb, Overhand and Figure Eight.
    • Joining ropes: reef knot and thief knots, sheet bend.
    • Loops in a rope: Bowline, figure eight and slip knots
    • Tying a rope to an objects: Clove hitch
  • Use of Equipment
    • Pack suitable for a day walks
    • The value of suitable footwear
    • Clothing suitable for bad weather.
  • Map and Compass
    • Map scales
    • Conventional signs
    • Map references – the grid
    • Methods of showing relief: hill shading, contours
    • Description of the ground from the map. Introducing pattern recognition and shape.
  • Care of the Environment
    • Country code with emphasis on its application to fixed camps.
  • Recording
    • Make up a Field Note book.
    • Use the field Note Book during the walks.
    • Writing up a Final Report.

Level 2

  • Safety
    • Revision of personal survival kits, Introduction to Kit for Rucksack and overnight hikes.
  • Group Skills
    • Personal attributes.
    • Effect of personal attributes on others.
  • First Aid
    • Severe bleeding.
    • General treatment of fractures.
    • CPR
    • First aid kits.
  • Camp Craft
    • Types of light weight tents used for expedition. Their advantages and disadvantages.
    • Living in tents
    • Community equipment needed for tow day fixed camps and expeditions.
    • Essentials of a good camp site including construction and provision of toilet, rubbish, food storage, water supply, washing facilities, fire.
    • Preparation of hot camp meals.
  • Bushcraft
    • Water in emergencies, Purifying water
    • Survival skills
    • Joining ropes: Fisherman knots
    • Looping in rope: Man-harness and chair.
    • Tying rope to an object: Rolling, slippery and timber hitch and round turn and two half hitches.
  • Use of Equipment
    • Clothing for a two day trip, Packing a backpack
    • Assemble personal safety equipment to be carried
    • Discuss various types of sleeping bags.
    • Pitch various types of tents
    • Care and operation gas stoves
  • Map and Compass
    • Contours revised, Description of the ground from the map. (revision)
    • Topographic features
    • Measurement of distance
    • Plotting a compass course from the ground and from the map.
    • Description of the ground from information on a map including recognition of hill features.
    • Set a map with a compass, Aids to direction finding.
  • Care of the Environment
    • Revision of Country code with emphasis on low impact camping.
  • Recording
    • Field Note book revised.
    • Use the field Note Book on a two day hike.

Level 3

  • Safety
    • Survival
    • International distress signals.
    • Summer hazards: fires, fire regulations and bans. bush fires, avoidance of and survival techniques. heat exhaustion.
    • Winter and mountain hazards: exposure and hypothermia frostbite.  lightning
  • Group Skills
    • The importance of group members.
    • Roles of leaders and group members. Different styles of leadership.
  • First Aid
    • Ability to recognize and treat injuries to joints, muscles, wounds, fractures, unconsciousness and shock.
    • Stings, Foreign bodies in the eyes, nose, ear.
  • Camp Craft
    • Care, storage and maintenance of tents and other equipment.
    • Food and nutrition. Completion of a menu for a three day camp.
    • Cook a simple hot meal consenting of a main course and a dessert.
  • Bushcraft
    • Weather: including interpretation of a weather map, major cloud forms and associated weather, sources of weather information, both climatological and forecasts and warnings, implication of climate statistic.
  • Use of Equipment
    • Clothing for a two day hike and a camp revised.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment
    • Estimating food requirements for a two day hike and two day camp.
  • Map and Compass
    • Calculation of speed of movement over varying terrain with and without loads – Naismith’s rule or equivalent.
    • Navigation across country with map but no compass
    • Methods of obtaining grid and magnetic bearings.
    • Potting a compass course form the ground and from the map. (revision)
    • Description of the ground from information on a map including recognition of hill features
    • Set a map with a compass, Aids to direction finding (revision)
    • Direction finding by day.
  • Care of the Environment
    • Revision of Country code with emphasis on hiking and bush walking.
  • Recording
    • Preparation of a route plan
    • Notification of property owners/National Parks staff.
    • The role of the home contact person
    • Maintain effective log of time, position and observations in Field Note Book
    • Plan presentation of Final Report

Level 4

  • Safety
    • Procedure for dealing with accidents or illness in remote areas.
    • Marking position of casualties
    • Emergency shelters.
    • Safety precautions to be observed in rugged country.
    • Procedure in event of party members missing.
    • Procedure in event of party becoming lost.
    • Identification of hazards. Identification of sources of aid.
  • Group Skills
    • Approaches to leadership, Styles of leadership
    • Basic ingredients to outdoor leadership.
    • Personal attributes
    • Group development, Group leadership and group dynamics
  • First Aid
    • Formal first aid and CPR.
    • Circulation of the blood.
    • Respiratory system.
    • Asphyxia, choking or drowning.
    • Pressure bandage.
    • Shock, Frost bite, Cramp
  • Camp Craft
    • Selection of a camp site including siting in exposed areas
    • Supply of drinking water
    • Use lightweight rations.
  • Bushcraft
    • Teach Level 1 and 2 rope skills to beginners.
  • Use of Equipment
    • Clothing for a three day hike and three day camp.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment.
    • Estimating food.
    • Revision of personal safety equipment.
  • Map and Compass
    • Navigation across country with map and compass, especially in poor visibility.
    • Direction finding at night.
  • Care of the Environment
    • Develop a list of activities threatening endangered animals within your area.
  • Recording
    • Prepare a route plan
    • Examine a set of track notes (expedition) or scientific observation
    • Maintain an effective log of time, and observation in Field note Book.
    • Plan presentation of Final Report

Level 5

  • Safety
    • Search and rescue methods
  • Group Skills
    • Decision making
    • Dealing with group conflict. (a win win approach)
    • Leadership and group confidence.
    • Growth through leadership.
  • First Aid
    • Exposure and exhaustion.
    • Hypothermia and Hyperthermia.
  • Camp Craft
    • Storm lashings
    • Cooking in exposed areas
    • Emergency arrangements for preparing meals in a tent.
  • Bushcraft
    • Techniques for camping in rugged country
    • Emergency bivouac camping.
    • Teach level 3 rope skills to other boys.
  • Use of Equipment
    • Clothing for a three day hike and three day camp.
    • Preparation of equipment list and sharing of equipment.
    • Estimating food.
    • Revision of personal safety equipment.
  • Map and Compass
    • Methods of teaching simple map and compass work to boys (level 1 and 2)
  • Care of the Environment
    • Identify and report on remedial action necessary for protecting 2 species  (plant, animal or both ) of interest to you.
  • Recording
    • Prepare a route plan
    • Maintain an effective log of time, and observation in Field note Book.